Present simple tense упражнения
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Present simple tense упражнения

The Present Simple Tense. Упражнения (уровень базовый)

The Present Simple Tense переводится настоящее простое время, но является совсем непростым) Я собрала для вас 22 упражнения, которые относятся к уровню изучения английского языка «базовый — beginner» . Эти упражнения помогут вам отработать грамматические правила на Present Simple Tense.

The Present Simple Tense. Упражнения из цикла «Английский язык для начинающих»

Упражнение 1. Распределите глаголы по трем колонкам в зависимости от чтения окончания -s/-es в 3-м лице единственного числа: [s], [z], [iz]. Если забыли, когда к глаголу-действию добавляется -s/-es, прочитайте еще раз Present Simple (теория для начинающих). Правило 5.

Work, go, know, change, buy, end, play, wash, ride, add, wish, drive, stay, watch, mix, open, do, say, clean, talk, visit, reach, sit, like, love, dance, close, speak, read, finish, fly, run.

ПРИМЕР I fly … — He flies … , но I buy … — He buys …

Упражнение 2. Напишите следующие глаголы в форме 3-го лица единственного числа.

want hurry read eat think wash kiss catch have study carry fly cry go do

Прежде, чем идти дальше — запомните схемы построения предложений в Present Simple

Учимся строить утвердительные предложения в Present Simple

Упражнение 3. Замените местоимение I на местоимения he или she по образцу.

1. I write many letters every day. 2. I read books from the library. 3. I study grammar rules by heart 4. I usually go to work by bus. 5. I often meet my friends on the way to work. 6. I work in an office. 7. I come home very late. 8. I have dinner (supper) at 9 o’clock. 9. I go to bed at 12 o’clock. 10. I sleep very badly. 11. I often send emails in the evening. 12. I play the guitar every day.

Упражнение 4. Допишите окончания глаголов (-s или -es) там, где это нужно.

1. Не go … to school by bus. 2. She like … milk. 3. My father watch … TV in the evening. 4. I play … tennis on Sundays. 5. My brother play … football quite well. 6. My sister sing … very well. 7. She wash … her face and hands in the morning and in the evening. 8. I usually drink … tea for breakfast. 9. Jane do … her English exercises after school. 10. Peter drive… a car.

Упражнение 5. Выберите из скобок нужную форму глагола.

1. She (swim/swims) very well. 2. Luc (live/lives) in London. 3. Jack (come/comes) from the USA. 4. Betty (dance/dances) a little. 5. He (have/has) three brothers. 6. My granny (speak/speaks) French. 7. My cat (sleep/sleeps) on a mat. 8. I often (see/sees) Jane. 9. Ted (like/likes) music. 10. Chris (cook/cooks) cakes quite well.

Учимся строить отрицательные предложения в Present Simple

ПРИМЕРЫ
Он часто ходит в кино. — He often goes to the cinema.
Он не ходит в кино. — Не doesn’t go to the cinema.

Упражнение 6. Переделайте данные предложения в отрицательные. Используйте вспомогательные глаголы don’t и doesn’t.

1. Mary takes the dog for a walk in the evenings. 2. Peter buys a morning newspaper every day. 3. I come to every lesson. 4. We go to the seaside every summer. 5. You go shopping on Saturday mornings. 6. Peter plays the piano very well. 7. The sun rises in the west. 8. My big brother knows everything. 9. Dogs like cats. 10. Some children like chocolate. 11. It rains very often in summer.

Dogs — собаки (множественное число: a dog — dogs); children — дети (множественное число, сущ.-исключение: a child — children)

Упражнение 7. Заполните пропуски, используя don’t или doesn’t.

1. We … listen to the radio every night. 2. Mr Johnson … have a private office. 3. The boys … study at the library every day. 4. These exercises … seem very difficult. 5. The men … always eat at that cafe. 6. That tall man … work for this company. 7. The people … speak English very well.

Men — мужчины (множественное число, сущ.- исключение: a man — men); people — люди (множественное число, сущ.- исключение: a person — people)

Упражнение 8. Сделайте данные предложения отрицательными.

1. Bess helps her mother. 2. My friend plays the piano. 3. We listen to music. 4. You make a lot of mistakes. 5. The farmer works in the field. 6. The small boy rides a bike. 7. He looks at the pictures in the book. 8. The workman paints the house. 9. Richard and Henry swim in the river in summer. 10. John goes to school by tram. 11. She gets up at eight o’clock. 12. He has tea for breakfast. 13. She usually has dinner at two o’clock. 14. Peter lives in London.

Учимся строить вопросительные предложения в Present Simple

СРАВНИТЕ
Он часто ходит в кино. — He often goes to the cinema.
Он часто ходит в кино? — Does he often go to the cinema?

Упражнение 9. Заполните пропуски, используя вспомогательные глаголы do или does.

1. … you want cream and sugar in your coffee? 2. … the children go to bed very early? 3. … that girl come from South America? 4. … you know that Italian student? 5. … Miss Stewart prefer coffee or tea? 6. … your English lessons seem very difficult? 7. … those two women understand that lesson?

Упражнение 10. Переделайте данные предложения в вопросительные. Задайте общие вопросы, используя вспомогательные глаголы do и does.

1. Mary takes the dog for a walk in the evenings. 2. Peter buys a morning newspaper every day. 3. I come to every lesson. 4. We go to the seaside every summer. 5. You go shopping on Saturday mornings. 6. Peter plays the piano very well. 7. The sun rises in the east. 8. My big brother knows everything. 9. Dogs don’t like cats. 10. All children like chocolate. 11. It rains very often in autumn.

Упражнение 10.1 Вспомните, как строить краткий ответ в Present Simple. Ответьте на вопросы.
1.Do you watch TV in the evening? 2. Do you go to bed late? 3. Do you sleep well? 4. Do you have breakfast at home? 5. Does your friend often visit you? 6. Does your friend read books? 7. Does it often rain in winter? 8. Does it often rain in autumn? 9. Does the sun rise in the west? 10. Does the sun rise in the east?

ПРИМЕР Куда он часто ходит? — Where does he often go?

Упражнение 11. Переделайте данные предложения в вопросительные. Начинайте вопросы со Wh-words в скобках.

1. Ann watches TV. (How often?)…
2.I write emails to my parents. (How often?)…
3. They have dinner in the evening. (What time/usually?) …
4. Tom works. (Where?) …
5. Mark and his sister go to the cinema. (How often?)…
6. People do stupid things. (Why?) …
7. The car breaks down. (How often?) …

Упражнение 12. Составьте из данных слов вопросительные предложения. Используйте схему вопроса (?)

1. buy/you/do/what/at the shops
2. is/who/that man
3. your parents/moment/where/at the/are
4. you/how/come/to school/do
5. is/your car/where

Упражнение 13. Составьте вопросы к данным предложениям, начиная словами, указанными в скобках.

1. The Greens live in Tomsk. (Where)
2. She lives in Green Street. (Where)
3. Grace usually has supper at nine o’clock. (When)
4. Tim reads many books. (Does)
5. Sally speaks Spanish. (Does)
6. We have English lessons on Tuesdays and Fridays. (Do … or…)
7. They work on a farm. (Where)
8. I make my bed in the morning. (Do)
9. The children play in the park, not in the square. (Do … or…)
10. They do their homework after school. (When)
11. I have a glass of milk for supper. (What)
12. We like watching TV in the evening. (Do)

Упражнения на повторение

Упражнение 14. Вставьте вместо точек do или does.
1. … you sleep well? Yes, I… .
2. … your sister wash the plates? Yes, she … .
3. What … the teacher ask you to do?
4. … Kitty read English books? Yes, she … .
5. He … not like porridge.
6. We … not go to school in summer.

Упражнение 15. Вставьте вместо точек does, is или has.
1. My sister … very clever.
2. What … she do?
3. Who … he?
4. She … a teacher at school.
5. Where … your sister live?
6. Gretna … a little village in the country.
7. … Mary fine?
8. … Sam have any pets?
9. This girl… called Mary.
10. She … a lot of friends.

Упражнение 16. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужной форме.
1. Не (be) a good footballer. 2. We (be) at school. 3. The roses (be) very beautiful. 4. I (have) an interesting book. 5. The sun (be) very hot. 6. I (do) my lessons carefully (тщательно). 7. Elizabeth (have) a new dress. 8. The students (do) English lessons three times a week. 9. I (have) a camera. 10. Harry (be) a tennis player. 11. Tony (have) a coat. 12. The children’s hands (be) dirty. 13. Mike (be) late for school. 14. Ted (be) a good swimmer.

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Упражнение 17. Составьте из следующих слов вопросы. Помните о порядке слов в предложении.
1. Does/what/up/get/she/time?
2. Do/breakfast/does/what/she/before?
3. For/does/have/breakfast/she/what?
4. To/how/she/work/does/go?
5. She/does/what/evening/do/the/in?
6. Bed/time/does/to/what/she/go?

Упражнение 18. Напишите вопросы к ответам.
1. (When… ?) ______________________
She gets up at eight o’clock.
2. (What … do…?) __________________
She has breakfast at nine o’clock.
3. (Where…?) _____________________
She works in the bookshop.
4. (Where…?) _________________
She has lunch in a cafe.
5. (When …?) _________________
She comes home at half past five.
6. (What … do ?) ___________
She watches TV in the evening.
7. (When …?) _________________
She goes to bed at 10 o’clock.

Упражнение 19. Составьте из данных слов вопросы. Дайте на них ответ. Сделайте нужные изменения.

1. Where/you/come/from — _____________________
2. Where/you/live — __________________________
3. Where/you/work — __________________________
4. What/your father/do — _______________________
5. Where/your mother/live — _____________________

Упражнение 20. Вставьте наречия, указанные в скобках, в данные предложeния. Помните о месте наречий в предложении.

1. She comes home late. (Always)
2. George eats meat. (Never)
3. You see her in the street. (Sometimes)
4. Does Tim go to school by taxi? (Usually)
5. We spend summer in France. (Usually)
6. Tom and Tim go to the cinema on Mondays. (Often)
7. My dog barks. (Sometimes)
8. Kate goes swimming. (Often)
9. Simon does his English homework. (Never)
10. I dance at discos. (Seldom)

Упражнение 21. Переведите на английский.

  1. Обычно я встаю в 7 часов. Я люблю вставать рано.
  2. Дети часто гуляют после школы. Они не хотят идти домой.
  3. Мой отец всегда читает вечером. Он любит читать.
  4. Иногда она ходит в кино. Она не любит ходить в театр.
  5. Моя мать редко смотрит телевизор. А ты любишь смотреть ТВ?

Упражнение 22. Исправьте ошибки в предложениях.

  1. The stars shines in the sky.
  2. I like watch sunset.
  3. They do go to the seas >

Я надеюсь, что выполнив 22 упражнения на Present Simple, вы научились составлять предложения грамматически правильно. Если этих упражнений недостаточно, то рекомендуем также дополнительные упражнения на Present Simple Tense. Однако их лучше выполнить после изучения основного цикла времен на уровне для начинающих — beginner. См. пункт 7. ВРЕМЕНА

ОТВЕТЫ

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Present simple exercises: упражнения с ответами на отработку настоящего простого времени

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present simple

  1. I (to work) in a bank
  2. He (to live) in Moscow
  3. Anna (to have) a shower every day
  4. I (to like) flowers
  5. They (to go) at work by bus
  6. Tom (to play) the piano
  7. Cats (to drink) milk
  8. She (to get up) early
  9. I (to love) you
  10. Kristina and Mike (to study) English

Упражнение 2. Вставьте глагол to be в простом настоящем времени

  1. I ___ from Russia
  2. I ___ a student
  3. They ___ taxi drivers
  4. She ___ not married
  5. My favorite color ___ red
  6. I ___ 23
  7. It ___ my car
  8. This car ___ fast
  9. These cars ___ fast
  10. These ___ your keys

Упражнение 3. Составьте предложения, используя Present indefinite

  1. football / play / he / everyday
  2. Irina / nice clothes / always / wear
  3. my / pen / is / this
  4. have / we / breakfast / at 7 o’clock
  5. never / I / drink / coffee
  6. afraid of /we / spiders
  7. she / like / apples
  8. London / they / from / are
  9. my sister / her / know
  10. a doctor / is / my mother

Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения, используя Present simple tense

  1. Я учитель
  2. Это красное яблоко
  3. Ирина играет на гитаре
  4. Они любят животных
  5. Она живет в Париже
  6. Мой отец никогда не читает газеты
  7. Анна всегда врет
  8. Это твоя собака
  9. Мне нравится ее улыбка
  10. Обычно я гуляю в парке

Упражнение 5. Составьте вопрос и отрицание к предложению

  1. I am tired
  2. Kris speaks English very well
  3. His sister is a model
  4. I like my phone
  5. Masha reads magazines every week
  6. They are students
  7. Shops open at 9 o’clock
  8. She is pretty
  9. Tom lies every time
  10. Marina wears skirts every day

Упражнение 6. Составьте специальный вопрос к предложению

  1. I live in London (Where)
  2. Kris speaks English very well (What language)
  3. His sister is a model (Who)
  4. I like my phone (What)
  5. Masha reads magazines every week (How often)
  6. This car is black (What color)
  7. Shops open at 9 o’clock (What time)
  8. She is pretty (who)
  9. Tom lies every time (How often)
  10. Marina wears skirts every day (what)

Упражнение 7. Вставьте глаголы из списка в предложения в нужной форме

play, use, get up, know, is, is, have, read, are, watch

  1. They ___ dinner at 8 o’clock
  2. It ___ my car
  3. They ___ early
  4. Anna ___ the piano
  5. They ___ solders
  6. This ___ a big house
  7. He never ___ TV
  8. I ___ much about games
  9. Larisa doesn’t ___ books
  10. She often ___ laptop

Упражнение 8. Допишите окончание глаголу используя Present simple tense

  1. He read_
  2. I play_
  3. She lie_
  4. They use_
  5. He watch_
  6. She go_
  7. It cost_
  8. He do_
  9. They walk_
  10. You find_

Упражнение 9. Дайте краткий положительный и отрицательный ответы на заданный вопрос

  1. Do you know Mark?
  2. Does he like fast cars?
  3. Is Natali beautiful?
  4. Do they live in Moscow?
  5. Does he play football?
  6. Does Peter drink tea?
  7. Are you a manager?
  8. Are they students?
  9. Does Anna love me?
  10. Do they read books?

Упражнение 10. Вставьте do, does, don’t или doesn’t

  1. ___ he work in a shop?
  2. I ____ lie
  3. She ___ watch TV
  4. ___ you like bananas?
  5. They ___ know Sara
  6. Where ___ he live?
  7. What ___ they like?
  8. Katrine ___ love Alex
  9. ___ he eat meat?
  10. She ___ wear skirts

Упражнение 11. Напишите глагол в 3 лице единственном числе в настоящем неопределенном времени

  1. Go
  2. See
  3. Speak
  4. Do
  5. Use
  6. Want
  7. Watch
  8. Enjoy
  9. Finish
  10. Teach

Упражнение 12. Определите в каких из предложений используется время Present simple

  1. I love you
  2. He doesn’t read
  3. Do you know?
  4. What are you doing?
  5. Yes, he does
  6. Is he a student?
  7. He is walking
  8. She is pretty
  9. It is my car
  10. It is raining

Ответы

Упражнение 1

  1. work
  2. lives
  3. has
  4. like
  5. go
  6. plays
  7. drink
  8. gets up
  9. love
  10. study

Упражнение 2

  1. am
  2. am
  3. are
  4. is
  5. is
  6. am
  7. is
  8. is
  9. are
  10. are

Упражнение 3

  1. He plays football every day
  2. Irina always wears nice clothes
  3. This is my pen
  4. We have breakfast at 7 o’clock
  5. I never drink coffee
  6. We are afraid of spiders
  7. She likes apples
  8. They are from London
  9. My sister knows her
  10. My mother is a doctor

Упражнение 4

  1. I am a teacher
  2. It is a red apple
  3. Irina plays the guitar
  4. They love animals
  5. She lives in Paris
  6. My father never reads newspapers
  7. Anna always lies
  8. It is your dog
  9. I like her smile
  10. Usually I walk in a park

Упражнение 5

  1. I am not tired. Am I tired?
  2. Kris doesn’t speak English very well. Does Kris speak English very well?
  3. His sister isn’t a model. Is his sister a model?
  4. I don’t like my phone. Do I like my phone?
  5. Masha doesn’t read magazines every week. Does Masha read magazines every week?
  6. They aren’t students. Are they students?
  7. Shops don’t open at 9 o’clock. Do shops open at 9 o’clock?
  8. She isn’t pretty. Is she pretty?
  9. Tom doesn’t lie every time. Does Tom lie every time
  10. Marina doesn’t wear skirts every day. Does Marina wear skirts every day

Упражнение 6

  1. Where do I live?
  2. What language does Kris speak very well?
  3. Who is a model?
  4. What do I like?
  5. How often does Masha read magazines?
  6. What color is this car?
  7. What time do shops open?
  8. Who is pretty?
  9. How often does Tom lie?
  10. What does Marina wear every day?

Упражнение 7

  1. They have dinner at 8 o’clock
  2. It is my car
  3. They get up early
  4. Anna plays the piano
  5. They are solders
  6. This is a big house
  7. He never watches TV
  8. I know much about games
  9. Larisa doesn’t read books
  10. She often uses laptop

Упражнение 8

  1. reads
  2. play
  3. lies
  4. use
  5. watches
  6. goes
  7. costs
  8. does
  9. walk
  10. find

Упражнение 9

  1. Yes, I do. No, I don’t
  2. Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t
  3. Yes, she is. No she isn’t
  4. Yes, they do. No, they don’t
  5. Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t
  6. Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t
  7. Yes, I am. No, I am not
  8. Yes, they are. No, they aren’t
  9. Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t
  10. Yes, they do. No, they don’t

Упражнение 10

  1. does
  2. don’t
  3. doesn’t
  4. do
  5. don’t
  6. does
  7. do
  8. doesn’t
  9. does
  10. doesn’t

Упражнение 11

  1. Goes
  2. Sees
  3. Speaks
  4. Does
  5. Uses
  6. Wants
  7. Watches
  8. Enjoys
  9. Finishes
  10. Teaches

Упражнение 12

  1. Yes
  2. Yes
  3. Yes
  4. No
  5. Yes
  6. Yes
  7. No
  8. Yes
  9. Yes
  10. No

Если Вы сделали ошибки, то попробуйте прочитать статьи: Present simple правила образования и употребления, Правила написания am is are, Правила написания окончаний -s, -es, -ies и Примеры Present simple, а затем повторно выполнить упражнения на отработку настоящего простого времени в английском языке.

Упражнения на Present Simple с ответами и переводом

Пройдите упражнения на Present Simple, чтобы лучше понять и запомнить, как употребляется это время в английском языке. Если вы еще не знакомы с темой, либо знакомы, но хорошо ее подзабыли, рекомендую сначала прочитать эту статью: “Present Simple – настоящее простое время в английском языке”. Также у меня есть видео на эту тему: